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Ayat of the Day: (Negative and destructive) whispering is (employed) by Satan alone so that he may cause anguish to the believers. But in truth he (Satan) cannot do any harm to them (the believers) except by Allah’s command. And the believers should trust but Allah alone. (al-Mujādalah, 58:10)
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Irfan-ul-Quran: - al-Hashr (the Gathering

Sura al-Hashr

(the Gathering)
Sura : Madani by Tilawat : 59 by Reveal : 101 Ruku` : 3 Ayats : 24 Part No. : 28
In the Name of Allah, Most Compassionate, Ever-Merciful
1. Whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth (all) glorify Allah and He alone is Almighty, Most Wise.
2. He is the One Who collected the disbelievers from amongst the People of the Book (i.e., the tribe of Banu Nadir) from their houses and banished them the first time (from Medina towards Syria). You did not (even) think that they would go away, and they thought that their strong fortresses would save them from (the seizure of) Allah. Then (the torment of) Allah came upon them from where they could not (even) imagine. And He (Allah) cast terror into their hearts, (and thus) they ruined their houses with their own hands and the believers’ hands. So, learn a lesson (from it), O people of vision!
3. And had Allah not written exile for them, He would have tormented them (more severely) in the world. And there is for them the punishment of Hell in the Hereafter (as well).
4. That is because they showed extreme enmity against Allah and His Messenger (blessings and peace be upon him). (Their ringleader was Ka‘b b. Ashraf, a notorious denigrator of the Holy Prophet [blessings and peace be upon him].) And he who opposes Allah (and His Messenger), then Allah is Severe in punishment.
5. (O believers!) The palm-trees that you cut down or left standing upon their roots (during the siege of Banu Nadir tribe—it) was done by Allah’s command so that He might humiliate and disgrace the disobedient.
6. And whatever spoils (materials of fay) Allah restored to His Messenger ([blessings and peace be upon him] taking out) from them, you galloped neither horses nor camels in (procuring) them. Yes indeed! Allah gives dominance and control to His Messengers over anyone He wills. And Allah has Absolute Power over everything.
7. And whatever (materials of fay—spoils) Allah restored to His Messenger ([blessings and peace be upon him] taking out) from the people of (the towns captured without war in addition to those of Qurayza, Nadir, Fadak, Khaybar and ‘Urayna) belong to Allah and His Messenger (blessings and peace be upon him) and (the Messenger’s) near relatives (i.e., Banu Hashim and Banu ‘Abd al-Muttalib) and the orphans and the needy and the wayfarer (of society at large. This distribution system is to ensure) that (the whole wealth) may not circulate (only) amongst the rich of you (but should circulate amongst all the classes of society). And whatever the Messenger (blessings and peace be upon him) gives you, take that and whatever he forbids you, abstain (from that) and keep fearing Allah (i.e., never scoff at the Messenger’s distribution and award). Surely, Allah is Severe to punish.
8. (The fore-mentioned fay materials) are (also) for the poor Emigrants who are driven out of their houses and possessions (and properties). They seek Allah’s bounty and His favour and pleasure. And they help Allah and His Messenger ([blessings and peace be upon him] by sacrificing their possessions and homeland). It is they who are the true believers.
9. (These spoils are for those Ansar [Supporters] as well) who had taken the city (of Medina) and the faith as their home before (the Emigrants came). They love those who have come to them as Emigrants, and do not feel any need (or niggardly feeling) in their hearts pertaining to that (wealth) which is given to the Emigrants, and prefer them to themselves, even though they may themselves be in dire need. And he who is saved from the miserliness of his (ill-commanding) self, it is they who are successful and victorious.
10. And those (too) who came after these (Emigrants and the Ansar [Supporters]) submit: ‘O our Lord, forgive us and our brothers who have preceded in embracing faith. And let not any spite and rancour be in our hearts against the believers. O our Lord, surely, You are Most Clement, Ever-Merciful.’
11. Have you not seen the hypocrites who say to their brothers amongst the People of the Book who have become disbelievers: ‘If you are driven out (from here), we too will necessarily leave with you and will never obey anyone in your case, and if you are attacked, we will most certainly help you’? But Allah bears witness that they are certainly liars.
12. If they (the mischief-monger Jews) are driven out (from Medina), these (hypocrites) will never leave with them. Nor will they help them if they are put to fight. But if (at all) they do come to their help, they will for sure flee, turning their backs. Then they will not be helped (from anywhere).
13. (O Muslims!) Indeed, they have greater fear of you in their hearts than Allah’s. The reason is that they are the people who do not possess understanding.
14. They (the Jews of Medina, who breached the treaty, and the hypocrites) will not be able to fight against you (even) allied, except in fortified towns or taking cover behind walls. They fight hard (but) amongst themselves. You think they are united, whereas their hearts are disunited. The reason is that they do not apply reason.
15. (Their plight) resembles those who have tasted the evil consequences of their works shortly before them (i.e., the idolaters of Mecca in Badr and Banu Nadir, Banu Qaynuqa‘ and Banu Qurayza of the Jews, etc.). And there is for them a grievous punishment (in the Hereafter as well).
16. (The example of hypocrites) is like that of Satan when he says to man: ‘Become a disbeliever,’ but when he disbelieves, he (Satan) says: ‘I feel sick of you. Surely, I fear Allah, the Lord of all the worlds.’
17. Then both of them will end up in Hell and will dwell in it forever. And that is indeed the punishment of the wrongdoers.
18. O believers! Keep fearing Allah. And everyone should be vigilant to what he has sent forward for tomorrow (the Day of Reckoning). And always fear Allah. Indeed, Allah is Well Aware of what you do.
19. And be not like those who forgot Allah. So Allah made them forget their own souls (that they could send forward some good for their own souls). It is they who are defiant.
20. The inmates of Hell and the people of Paradise cannot be equal. It is the people of Paradise who are successful and victorious.
21. Had We sent down this Qur’an on some mountain, then, (O listener,) you would certainly have seen it bowed, split and crushed to pieces for fear of Allah. And We give these examples for the people so that they may ponder.
22. Allah is He besides Whom there is no God: the Knower of the unseen and the seen. He alone is Most Kind, Ever-Merciful.
23. Allah is He apart from Whom there is no God: (the Real) King, the Most Pure of all shortcomings, Perfectly Free from all imperfections (and the Bestower of Peace), the Giver of security and protection (and the Attester of the Messengers by means of Miracles), the Guardian and Watchful, the Almighty and the Lord of Honour, the Lord of Great Majesty, the Supreme Authority and the Supremely Great. Glory be to Allah, far above all that they associate with Him.
24. Allah is He Who is the Creator, the One Who brings into existence from nothingness (i.e., the Inventor), the Bestower of Form; (in short) all Beautiful Names belong to Him alone. All that is in the heavens and the earth glorifies Him, the Lord of Honour, the Most Wise.
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