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Ayat of the Day: And have the disbelievers not seen that the whole heavenly universe and the earth were (all) joined together as one unit and then We split them apart? And We originated (the life of) living organism (on earth) from water. So do they not accept faith (even after learning these facts brought forth by the Qur’an)? (al-Ambiyā’, 21:30)
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Irfan-ul-Quran: - an-Najm (the Star

Sura an-Najm

(the Star)
Sura : Makki by Tilawat : 53 by Reveal : 23 Ruku` : 3 Ayats : 62 Part No. : 27
In the Name of Allah, Most Compassionate, Ever-Merciful
1. By (Muhammad [blessings and peace be upon him]), the bright star when (he ascended during the Ascension Night in the twinkling of an eye and) descended.
2. He who bestowed on you his companionship (i.e., the Messenger, who made you his companions,) has never lost his way, nor has he (ever) strayed from the right path.
3. And he does not speak out of his (own) desire.
4. His speech is nothing but Revelation, which is sent to him.
5. The Lord of Mighty Powers (directly) conferred on him (perfect) knowledge,
6. He Who is absolute beauty. Then He decided to unveil (Himself).
7. And he (Muhammad [blessings and peace be upon him]) was on the uppermost horizon (of the realm of creation during the Ascension Night i.e., on the apex of the created cosmos).
8. Then He (the Lord of Honour) drew closer (to His Beloved Muhammad [blessings and peace be upon him]) and then drew even closer.*
* Imam al-Bukhari cites these meanings in al-Jami‘ al-Sahih from the venerable Companion Anas. Moreover, ‘Abd Allah b. ‘Abbas, Imam al-Hasan al-Basri, Imam Ja‘far al-Sadiq, Muhammad b. Ka‘b al-Qurazi the Successor, al-Dahhak and many other leading eminent exegetes also hold the same view.
9. Then a distance measuring only two bow-lengths was left (between Allah Unveiled and His Esteemed Beloved), or even less than that (in extreme nearness).
10. So (on that station of nearness) He (Allah) revealed to His (Beloved) servant whatever He revealed.
11. (His) heart did not take it contrary to what (his) eyes beheld.
12. Do you argue with him about what he saw?
13. And assuredly, he saw Him (Allah Unveiled) the second time (again and you argue only about seeing Him once).*
* These meanings are based on the sayings of eminent luminaries and authorities like Ibn ‘Abbas, Abu Dharr al-Ghifari, ‘Ikrima the Successor, Imam al-Hasan al-Basri the Successor, Muhammad b. Ka‘b al-Qurazi, Abu al-‘Aliya al-Riyahi the Successor, ‘Ata’ b. Abi Rabah the Successor, Ka‘b al-Ahbar the Successor, Imam Ahmad b. Hanbal, Imam Abu al-Hasan al-Ash‘ari and several others.
14. At the farthest Lote-Tree—Sidra al-Muntaha,
15. Adjacent to that is the Eternal Paradise—Janna al-Ma’wa,
16. When theophanies (i.e., effulgent disclosures) of the divine light wrapped up al-Sidra (the Lote-Tree at the Far End), covering it expansively.*
* This interpretation also comes from Imam al-Hasan al-Basri and other leading scholars.
17. His eye neither inclined aside nor overstepped the limit; (it gazed in ecstasy at Whom it was to gaze).
18. Surely, he saw the greatest signs of His Lord (during the Ascension Night).
19. Have you taken a look at (the goddesses) Lat and ‘Uzza?
20. And (have you) also (seen thoughtfully) another, that third one (goddess) Manat? (Have you declared them daughters of Allah?)
21. (O idolaters!) Are sons for you and daughters for Him (Allah)?
22. (If your concept is correct,) then that division is serious injustice.
23. But (the truth is that) these (idols) are nothing but mere names which you and your fathers have given. Allah has not sent down any authority for them. They follow only whims and suspicions and the desires of their (ill-commanding) selves, whereas guidance has already come to them from their Lord.
24. Is (all) that available for man what he longs for?
25. So Allah alone is the Master of the Hereafter and the world.
26. And how many angels there are in the heavens (whom the disbelievers and the idolaters worship and expect from them intercession but) whose intercession will be of no use at all, except after Allah (awards) permission for whom He wills and likes!
27. Surely, those who do not believe in the Hereafter give the angels female names.
28. And they know nothing about it. They follow only assumption, and surely assumption serves no purpose in comparison with certitude.
29. So divert your attention from him who turns away from Our remembrance and desires nothing but the life of this world.
30. That is but the limit of the working of their knowledge. Verily, your Lord fully knows him who has strayed from His path and (also) knows best him who has attained guidance.
31. And to Allah belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth so that He recompenses the acts of those who have committed vices and gives good reward to those who have performed virtues.
32. Those who guard against grave sins and indecencies excepting small sins (and omissions), surely your Lord has vast prospects of forgiveness (for them). He knows you best when He originated your life and nourishment from the earth (i.e., soil) and when you were embryos (conceived) in your mothers’ wombs. So never pose yourselves as clean and pure; He knows best who is (really) pious.
33. Have you seen him who has turned away (from the truth)?
34. And he gave away a little (wealth in the way of Allah) and (then) held back (his hand)?
35. Does he have the knowledge of the unseen that he can see?
36. Has he not been given the knowledge of (matters) mentioned in the scriptures of Musa (Moses),
37. And in the (scriptures) of Ibrahim (Abraham), who accomplished (all the commands of Allah) with perfection?
38. That no bearer of a burden will carry the burden of (the sins of) another;
39. And that man (according to justice) will get only that for which he strives. (As for bounty, no one has any right to it. That is merely Allah’s bestowal and pleasure, granting as much as He wills to whom He pleases.)
40. And that all his endeavours will soon be shown (i.e., exposed).
41. Then he will be given full reward (for all his endeavours);
42. And that (ultimately all) have to return to your Lord;
43. And that He is the One Who makes one laugh (granting delight) and makes one weep (granting grief);
44. And that He is the One Who causes death and gives life;
45. And that He is the One Who has created the two genders, male and female,
46. Out of a (sperm) drop when it is ejaculated (into the mother’s womb);
47. And that it is upon Him alone to raise up alive (also after death);
48. And that He is the One Who makes self-sufficient (by providing according to needs), and He is the One Who enriches treasures (by giving surplus to the needs);
49. And that He alone is the Lord of Sirius (a star that was worshipped in the days of ignorance);
50. And that He is the One Who destroyed the first (people of) ‘Ad,
51. And (the people of) Thamud (as well). Then He did not spare (any of them) to survive.
52. And before that, He destroyed the people of Nuh ([Noah] as well). Surely, they were extremely wicked and exceedingly defiant.
53. And He is the One Who (raised up) the overturned towns (of the people of Lut [Lot]) and smashed them down.
54. Then covered them that which did cover (i.e., the stones were rained on them).
55. So, (O man,) which of the favours of your Lord will you doubt?
56. This (Holy Prophet [blessings and peace be upon him]) is also a Warner of the Warners of old.
57. The imminent (Hour of Judgment) has drawn near.
58. No one except Allah can bring it forth (and establish).
59. So do you wonder at this Revelation?
60. And do you laugh and not weep,
61. Whilst you are busy playing a game (of negligence)?
62. So prostrate yourselves before Allah and worship (Him).
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